Problems also arise when they encounter common words that have no picture.
Words, letters and numbers which have no related picture, cause confusion and frustration. This feeling of confusion causes them to ‘disorientate.' They then absorb the incorrect information and mistakes are made. They may skip, substitute, transpose or make up words, become easily distracted, or flip letters around.
Ron Davis has identified 217 everyday words we call "trigger words,” such as: the, and, it, was. During the programme, students master these words by modelling their meanings and spellings in clay, creating a mental image and eliminating the confusion.
Dyslexics find solutions to "get around” situations that cause confusion and mistakes. These solutions may present themselves as bad behaviour, day-dreaming, being the class clown, being disorganised - anything that stops the feeling of confusion and lack of control. Confusion, anxiety and low self esteem are the main barriers to effective learning and the reason dyslexia becomes a problem.